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Experimental BAC 2014 + Correction

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Experimental BAC 2014 + Correction

Post by Admin on Tue May 13, 2014 5:38 pm

Part I: Read the text carefully and then do the activities.

The Roman Empire included most of what would now be considered Western Europe. The latter was

conquered by the Roman army, and a Roman way of life was established in these countries. The main countries

conquered were England, Wales, Spain, France, Greece, the Middle East and the North African coastal region.

In Rome’s early years, the state lived in fear of its more powerful neighbour, Carthage. The Carthaginians were

great traders in the Mediterranean Sea, and as the Romans wanted to expand into this trading zone, clash was

inevitable. In 264 BC, the Romans and the Carthaginians had their first war .In a series of three wars, known as

the Punic wars, the Romans defeated the Carthaginians .However, this took over 100 years to accomplish, and the

wars eventually ended in 146 BC. In the second Punic War, the Romans lost several important battles.-The most

famous being against the Carthaginian general Hannibal. However, by 146 BC, the Romans were strong enough

to capture the city of Carthage in north Africa. Carthage was burned to the ground, and all signs of the city were

destroyed as a sign that the power of the Carthaginians had disappeared forever.

When Carthage surrendered, the Romans became the most powerful Mediterranean state .The victory over the

Carthaginians gave the Romans all the opportunity they needed to expand their power In the Mediterranean. The

more powerful and wealthy the Romans became, the more able they were to further expand their empire .They

were not content with conquering the neighbouring lands. They realized that land further away might also have

riches that would make Rome even wealthier. Hence their drive to conquer Western Europe .At the height of its

power, around AD150, Rome controlled the greatest empire ever seen in Europe at that time. Many of the

conquered nations benefited from the Roman rule. Water supplies, housing, etc all appeared in Western Europe

though many fell into disuse after the Romans retreated back to Rome.

Ironically, the sheer size of the empire, which many marveled at, was also a major reason for the collapse of the

power of the Romans. The Romans had great difficulty in maintaining power in all of their empire. Supplying

their army was a major problem as their lines of communications were stretched to the limit. The power of the

empire rested on the success of the Roman army. When their success started to weaken, the empire could only start to collapse.

From the internet.

A/ Comprehension: 7pts

1- Write the letter which corresponds to the right answer. (0.5pt)

The text is: a ) descriptive b) expository c) narrative

2- Are these statements true or false (1.5pt)

a. The Romans and the Carthaginians were enemies.

b. After the Carthaginians' defeat, the Romans became the strongest nation in the Mediterranean.

c. Rome didn`t invade other countries.

3- Read the text and put the following sentences in the order they appear in the text(1pt)

a. The Romans were afraid of the Carthaginians.

b. At first, the Carthaginians gained victory over the Romans.

c. Many European countries were under the Roman rule.

d. Rome overcame the Carthaginians.

4-Answer the following questions according to the text. (2pts)

a) What countries did the Romans conquer?

b) How did the big size of the Roman Empire lead to its collapse?

5- In which paragraph is it mentioned that(1pt)

a. the conflict between the Romans and the Carthaginians was due to economic reasons ?

b. Rome's rising power led to the colonization of other countries?

6-What or who do the underlined words refer to in the text? (1pt)

a) the latter. b) this c) they d) which

B/ Text Exploration ( 7 Pts) 1-Find in the text words synonyms to the following: 1pt a) conflict (§2) b) damaged (§2) c) strong (§3) d) relied on : (§4) 2-Give opposites to the following words by keeping their roots.1pt use- understand- agree- treat. 3- Complete the table: 1.5pt

Verb Noun Adjective
…………………………….. prosperity . strong
To invade …………………... ……………………………...

4-Re-write the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. 0.75pt

1- Many nations were conquered by the Romans
*The Romans …………………………….
2- “What does the Roman Empire include?” he asked me.
* He asked me what …………………
3- I thought the Romans were more peaceful.
*The Romans were not …………………………………..

5- Combine the pairs of sentences using one the given connectors, make the necessary changes. 1pt because- in order to- but- despite- not only…….but also - such ……that.

a. Ancient Egyptians sailed up and down the Nile. They would fish and catch birds
b. the Nile was sometimes dangerous. It enriched the soil and provided protection for the the ancient Egyptians.
c. The river gave them a chance to hunt animals. The river provided protection from attack.
d. The floods brought fresh soil onto the land. The land became fertile for planting grains

6- Fill in the gaps so that the passage makes sense .1pt

Learning about ancient civilizations is a ……….. important issue. It helps me discover life in the ………. . It shows me how people were living, and ……….. they used think and overcame their difficulties. I also understand that these …………… have had a great impact on our life in general. 7- Classify the following words according to the pronunciation of their final ‘ed’. 1pt contributed—civilised —practised –invaded.

/t/ / d/ / id/

Part II/ Written Expres​sion( 5.75Pts)
Choose one of the following topics.

Topic A /

You have been asked by a travel agency to take part in writing a tourist brochure about the history of your country. Write an article on one of Algeria’s dynasties or historical places. The following ideas might prove helpful: a) . How this dynasty or historical place was founded (when / founder …. ) b) . Its golden age ( how it flourished / life in that period /achievements ) c) . How it collapsed ( when / reasons )

Topic B/

You have attended a lecture by a history doctor about the ancient muslims'contributions to the world civilization. Write an article in which you summarize the lecture. The article will be published in your school magazine.

Good luck!
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Date d'inscription : 2014-01-16

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Re: Experimental BAC 2014 + Correction

Post by Admin on Tue May 13, 2014 5:45 pm

Correction of English Final Examination –LE:

Part 1:
A/Comprehension

B/Text Exploration

1/ The text is: c) narrative

2/a-T b-T. c-F.

3/
4/a- The Romans conquered England, Wales, Spain, France, Greece, the Middle East and the North African coastal region.

b-Indeed ,the big size of the Roman Empire led to its collapse since the Romans had great difficulty in maintaining power in all of it. Supplying their army was a major problem as their lines of communications were stretched to the limit.

5/ a >§2 b > §3

6/the latter > Western Europe.

this > the victory of the Romans over the Carthaginians.

They > the Romans.
which > the sheer size of the empire.

1/a- clash. b- destroyed. c- powerful d- rested on
2/

- misuse – misunderstand- disagree- (maltreat. mistreat)

3-Verb Noun Adjective
To prosper prosperity properious
to strengthen strength strong
To invade invasion invasive

4/ 1-The Romans conquered many nations.

2- He asked me what the Roman Empire included.

3- The Romans weren't as peaceful as I thought.

5/ a- Ancient Egyptians sailed up and down the Nile in order to fish and catch birds

b- Despite the danger of the Nile, it enriched the soil and provided protection for the ancient Egyptians.

c- The river not only gave them a chance to hunt animals but also provided protection from attack.

d- The land became fertile for planting grains because the floods brought fresh soil onto the land.

6/- Filling in the gaps with words from your own. 1pt

1 2 3 4 very past how civilizations

7/ /t/ /d/ /Id/
practised civilised Contributed- invaded.
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